Elendil the tall, son of Amandil was related to the kings of Numenor. He lived in the last days of Numenor when the king and most of the people had turned against the Valar. Elendil's family and the other few who remained true to the Valar and remained friends of the elves were known as the Faithful. When Numenor was destroyed, Elendil escaped to the east with many of the faithful in seven ships and arrived in Middle Earth. During the voyage, the ships became separated and Elendil's ship arrived further to the north on the shores of Lindon while his sons Isildur and Anarion arrived further south in the bay of Belfalas.
Elendil soon became close friends with Gil-Galad, the king of the elves. He and the people of Numenor who were with him, passed inland and established their realm in the northern lands of Eriador. This was the beginning of the realm of Arnor while his sons established the realm of Gondor in the south. Of all the survivors from Numenor, Elendil was most closely related to the king of Numenor so he became the ruler of their people in Middle Earth.
Sauron had been gathering men and orcs to his armies and attacked Gondor, taking the city of Minas Ithil. At this time, Elendil and Gil-Galad decided to unite against Sauron before he grew too strong. They formed an alliance between elves and men that later came to be known as the last alliance. They passed east across the Misty Mountains and then south to Mordor. They fought a great battle before the gates of Mordor on the land which was later known as the Dagorlad (battle plain). The forces of Elendil and Gil-Galad were victorious and from there they marched to Sauron's tower of Barad Dûr. The siege of Barad Dûr lasted for seven years. Sauron sent out many sorties against the attackers and Anarion Elendil's son was killed by a catapulted stone during the siege. Finally Sauron himself came out from his tower. He fought with Gil-Galad and Elendil who were both killed. Elendil's sword Narsil broke under him as he fell. His elder son Isildur took the broken hilt of Narsil and cut Sauron's ring from his finger, thus defeating Sauron.
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